Claimant to Sulu “Sultanate” is beholden to the Philippines President

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Although the Sultanate is no longer officially recognized by any state as a sovereign entity, many individuals continue to claim the title of “Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo”, often with documentation that would seem to support their claims. This is a scan of “Memorandum Order 427” of 1974, which is the Presidential decree of Ferdinand Marcos “recognising” Sultan Mahakuttah A. Kiram as Sulu ruler. The question here is this: why would a Sultan seek “recognition” from the Philippines President, since a Sultan who has real power does not require any such documentation and will only seek the approval of his own people? Continue reading

ICJ judgement on the status of Sabah vis-a-vis the Philippines’ claim

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The following is quoted from “Case Concerning Sovereignty over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan
(Indonesia v. Malaysia) Application by the Philippines for Permission to Intervene Judgment of 23 October 2001”
by the International Court of Justice at The Hague. It concerns the interjection made by the Philippines to be a party to the Pulau Ligitan / Sipadan dispute between Malaysia and Indonesia, on the basis of the historical claim of the Sulu Sultanate over Sabah. Continue reading

Right to self-determination

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Self-determination of the peoples in a specific state or land supersedes all historical claims of sovereignty, if it goes contrary to the wishes of the natives. This is the norm governing international law, as defined by the UN Charter and the Geneva Conventions. Anything that goes against this spirit is usually seen as colonization, which is something that is continually being deconstructed after World War II. Continue reading

Weird DNS issues

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Faced a weird DNS issue which involves the custom domain nameservers for this domain this morning. After some troubleshooting and eventually reverting the settings back to default, the blog is apparently working again. I would need to figure out why the blog suddenly stopped working with the custom nameservers, even though I didn’t face any problems earlier.