1903 “Confirmation of Cession of Certain Islands” Agreement of the Sulu to the British North Borneo Company

On 22nd April 1903, Sultan Jamalul Kiram of the Sulu Sultanate signed a document known as “Confirmation of Cession of Certain Islands”, under which he has “ceded” additional islands in the neighbourhood of the mainland of North Borneo from Banggi Island to Sibuku Bay, to British North Borneo Company. The sum 5,000 dollars a year payable every year increased to 5,300 dollars a year payable every year. Note that this Agreement further clarifies the treaty of 1878, where it further affirms that the original word padjak clearly means cession, and not “lease”. Continue reading →

ICJ judgement on the status of Sabah vis-a-vis the Philippines’ claim

The following is quoted from “Case Concerning Sovereignty over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan
(Indonesia v. Malaysia) Application by the Philippines for Permission to Intervene Judgment of 23 October 2001”
by the International Court of Justice at The Hague. It concerns the interjection made by the Philippines to be a party to the Pulau Ligitan / Sipadan dispute between Malaysia and Indonesia, on the basis of the historical claim of the Sulu Sultanate over Sabah. Continue reading →