From The River to the Sea

historical map of Palestine - from the river to the sea

This map illustrates the diverse topography of Palestine from the river to the sea, stretching from the Mediterranean Sea in the west to the deserts in the east. Key geographical features such as the Jordan River, which flows into the Dead Sea, are prominently depicted. The hilly and mountainous regions are marked, showcasing the rugged terrain that has influenced the history and development of the area.

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Near Eastern and Semitic Studies Information Archive

I would like to take the opportunity to announce the launch of the Near Eastern and Semitic Studies Information Archive (NESSIA), a digital library which aims to provide a collection of documents, books and images that are related to the Near East as well as Semitic studies. Our goal is to position ourselves as a useful resource for students, academicians as well as the average person interested in these subjects to visit our site and use our collection as a source for their references.

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Claimant to Sulu “Sultanate” is beholden to the Philippines President

Although the Sultanate is no longer officially recognized by any state as a sovereign entity, many individuals continue to claim the title of “Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo”, often with documentation that would seem to support their claims. This is a scan of “Memorandum Order 427” of 1974, which is the Presidential decree of Ferdinand Marcos “recognising” Sultan Mahakuttah A. Kiram as Sulu ruler. The question here is this: why would a Sultan seek “recognition” from the Philippines President, since a Sultan who has real power does not require any such documentation and will only seek the approval of his own people?

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